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Consistently low rates of womens inclusion across Pakistans provinces

These discussions motivated us to look beyond individual experiences and into representative data. Balochistan and KPK have also experienced protracted conflicts, political violence, and military operations, which have limited economic and social development. While KPK’s economic situation has improved since 2012, Balochistan, the largest province in size and the smallest in population, lags behind the rest of the country in human development. Become a Partner to help women around the world break free from oppression, poverty, and human trafficking through sharing their stories and offering opportunities for others to purchase their handcrafted products. Help others raise awareness about these Artisans in Pakistan and 18 more countries through home parties or online. Feel good knowing every purchase supports a woman in need and encourages her that someone is listening.

  • It was noted that women having access to various information sources, including radio, television, and newspapers, were more likely to be empowered than women with no access to information.
  • In such circumstances, the notion of empowerment in Pakistan appears to be only theoretical without any sense of practical embodiment .
  • In December 2006, Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz approved the proposal by the Ministry of Women Development to extend this quota to 10%.
  • This research received no supporting funds from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sector.

Therefore, greater efforts are required find more at to improve women’s access to employment and educational opportunities. There is also an urgent need to use mass communication and education campaigns to change community norms and values that discriminate against women. These campaigns must convey the potential contribution of women to the overall welfare of both their families and the wider society.

Pakistani women play a major role in agricultural production, livestock raising and cottage industries. Sindh performed around the national average on women’s education and discriminatory norms, but below average on employment, intimate partner violence, and organized violence. Sindh had the highest levels nationally of women’s financial inclusion, at 25 percent, and participation in household decision making, at 46 percent.

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There is a strong need to enforce existing laws of ownership and inheritance and devise policies that encourage women’s employment. In the case of inheritance of property, Muslim countries, including Pakistan and Muslim-dominated areas of various other countries, enshrine the Islamic law of inheritance alongside the state laws . Nonetheless, as in Pakistan, woman’s right to inheritance is poorly realized in the majority of the most populous Muslim countries/communities. This is mainly due to patriarchal customs and socio-cultural dynamics that give preference to men over women. Against the given backdrop, there is a dire need to introduce legal reforms, accompanied by viable administrative actions, across the Muslim countries, and particularly in Pakistan.

Rural/urban divide and government policy

In some parts of Sindh, the practice of marrying a woman to the Quran is prevalent among landlords; it requires that the woman live without a husband throughout her life. Although it is without roots in Islamic tradition, the practice is often used by men to claim the land that would otherwise be inherited by their sisters and daughters upon marriage. The cultural logic of “Quran marriage” is not unique to the limited world of Muslims in South Asia. Similar arrangements, such as the “wedding” celebrated between a Catholic novice and Jesus Christ, are known from other regions and religions. Whereas marriage to the Quran is disapproved by “textual Islam,” the regionally “practiced Islam” may even add a religious coverage.

An additional increase to 15.5 percent would be obtained if producing agricultural goods for own household consumption is accounted for. The limitation that applies to this study is due to its cross-sectional design, which does not allow for causal conclusions. However, temporality can be established between women’s empowerment and various factors examined here. A further limitation is that data was assessed by interviewers, where socially desirable answers given by the women could lead to bias. Future studies may involve collection of primary qualitative data on the issue to draw a comparative picture of the present study. Women’s empowerment increased consistently with increasing household wealth index.

“I want to learn about different models and strategies the University of Alabama has in place to strengthen women’s leadership in areas of teaching, research and management,” explained Shabana Nisar, one of 28 visiting Pakistani educators. In response to the “silent cries” of so many women in her community, Kanwel founded the Daughters of Shalom Institute. At the institute, Kanwel offers these women “New Beginnings” where they can be free to enjoy the privilege of an education. They can explore and expand their personal gifts and talents through “Life Skills” classes. Adult Literacy classes help these women in all areas of their lives, including pursuing independent business careers.

The young girls are forcibly married off in order to resolve the feuds between different clans; the Vani can be avoided if the clan of the girl agrees to pay money, called Deet, to other clans. Swara, Pait likkhi and Addo Baddo are similar tribal and rural customs that often promote marriage of girls in their early teenage years. In one extreme case in 2012, a local Jirga in Aari village, Swat ordered that Roza Bibi, a girl of six, must be married off to settle a dispute between her family and the rival family. As of 2018, the trend of Vani is decreased very much, allowing more young girls to live their childhood freely. The enhancement of women’s status was stated as one of the 16 goals listed in the Pakistan 2010 Program , a critical policy document. However, the document omits women while listing 21 major areas of interests. Similarly, another major policy document, the “Human Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy” , mentioned women as a target group for poverty reduction but lacks gender framework.

These women help provide for their families by sewing traditional salwar kameez garments for their relatives and neighbors. All of the students are encouraged to become leaders in their communities and help other women rise above oppression and poverty as well. Mushtaq is referring to her courage and determination to stand against the deeply gender-biased culture of Pakistan by helping women find their voice.

They are also expected to do household chores, care for her children, husband and in-laws and, when needed, provide the home with external income. Women are also expected to marry a man of their parent’s choice, follow Islam’s code of dress and sacrifice their own dreams.

The bill allowed for DNA and other scientific evidence to be used in prosecuting rape cases. The passing of the Bill and the consequent signing of it into law by President General Pervez Musharraf invoked protests from hard-line Islamist leaders and organisations.

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